Chopin (Polish, 1810- 1849)
- Chopin was a Polish composer and pianist. He was chiefly a composer for the piano. His art forms the golden age of that instrument.
- Chopin was born in Poland of a French father and a Polish mother. The composer's early life was spent in Warsaw. The other half of his life was spent in Paris.
- In Paris his career was linked to the artistic and aristocratic life of that city. He always played for the nobles.
- Here Chopin had an 8 - year romance with the popular novelist known to the world as George Sand.
- He produced great music during this period. Their relationship was not all that smooth and they parted in bitterness. His health began to fail; he was suffering from tuberculosis.
- He died at the age of 39 in Paris.
- Chopin wrote nocturnes, waltzs, impromptus, polonaises, mazurkas, ballades, preludes and etudes.
Liszt (Hungarian, 1811 - 1886)
- Liszt was born in Hungary, son of a steward in the employ of a wealthy family.
- Carl Czerny was one of the most important teachers of Liszt.
- He formed close friendships with the leaders of Romanticism.
- The appearance in Paris of the sensational violinist Paganini in 1831 made Liszt aware of the possibilities of virtuoso playing.
- He was one of the greatest of pianists - and showman.
- Inseparable from the legend of the pianist was that of the lover.
- In his last years Liszt sought peace by entering the Church.