2013/05/06


Area
Name
Year under British rule
Treaty involved
Historical background
A
Hong Kong Island
1842
Treaty of Nanjing
1st Anglo Chinese War (第一次中英戰爭) / The Opium War (鴉片戰爭)
B
Kowloon peninsula (九龍半島)
1860
Convention of Beijing
2nd Anglo Chinese War (中法聯軍之役) / 2nd Opium War
C
The New Territories
1898
Convention Respecting an Extension of Hong Kong Territory
Scramble for Concession

How did Hong Kong come under British rule? Use complete sentences for your answer.

Area A: 
China was defeated in the 1st Sino (Sino指中國)-British War (Historical background). Therefore, in 1842 (year), by the Treaty of Nanjing (name of the treaty), Hong Kong Island (territory involved) was ceded (割讓) to Britain.

Area B:
China was defeated again in the 2nd Sino-British War. Therefore, in 1860, by the Convention of Beijing, Kowloon peninsula was ceded to Britain.

Area C:
There was Scramble for Concessions in China. In 1898, by the Convention Respecting an Extension of Hong Kong Territory, the New Territories was leased to Britain. 

*附帶: 鴉片戰爭的三個名字: The Opium War, Anglo Chinese War, Sino-British War

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